Mange is caused by microscopic mites that burrow into a dog's
skin. Mange is often difficult to diagnose and is often confused with other
skin disorders such as hot
spots. There are three types of mange.
Scarcoptic mange is the most common. It first becomes evident with small
itchy red bumps. These are insect bites. Fur will start to fall out and
the skin will become crusty and scab like, eventually darkening in color.
Mites usually attack the ears, elbows and the face. Dogs will experience
intense itching with this form of mange. It can be contracted by people,
but does not last as long as with dogs.
Demondectic mange occurs mainly in puppies 3-12 months old. It is usually
is contracted from the mother. Fur will start to fall out yet there is
no itch. The localized form will often clear up on its own, but the generalized
form once imbedded in the skin is very difficult to cure.
Cheyletiella mange, also known as walking dandruff, is also mainly found
in puppies. This form spreads easily among puppies. Dandruff breaks out
around the neck and back and a mild itch is evident.
One should consult their vet when diagnosing and treating mange. Since
the mites are microscopic a skin scraping will be needed for the vet
to make a proper diagnosis. In the case of Demondectic mange the mite
is so small it may not be visible through a microscope. In treating mange
the common element of all forms is that the mites need to be eliminated.
Your vet will likely prescribe a series of insecticide dips along with
medication. The dog's area, bedding, etc. will need to be disinfected.
While treatment can be frustrating, most cases of mange can be effectively
treated with proper care.
Care for Dogs
Insect Repellent Shampoo