best to begin basic training at an early age. This will help your dog become
a good canine citizen and learn basic rules that help to ensure safety
in a number of situations. Adult dogs can be taught too, but it is easier
on everyone if done early. When training a puppy keep in mind that dogs
think differently than people. Expecting a dog to understand the way people
communicate is not realistic.
Dogs need rules and correction that is clear, concise, and consistent. Start
training your dog with basic commands such as sit, down, and come. These commands
can help keep control of your dog in dangerous situations as well as everyday
life. Practice these commands under different circumstances so you know your
dog will listen to you even in a chaotic situation. Training should be fun for
your dog. When your dog wants to learn, the process is much easier for everyone.
If you or your dog becomes tired, frustrated, or bored while training, take a
break. With time and attention you and your dog will likely grow to enjoy training
and develop into a good canine citizen.
A dog, as a pack animal needs to know who the leader is. Establishing the pack
hierarchy is an important step prior to and during training. The dog shouldn't
take priority over people. People in your house should eat before your dog eats.
All activities should reflect the importance of the human members of the pack.
This way your dog will obey your family members as well as you. Rules for your
dog must be consistent with all members of the family. If you are trying to keep
your dog from begging everyone must agree not to feed him. If not, he will continue
to beg. It is unfair to the dog to think that he should stop something when he
is being rewarded for his action. Consistency of commands is also necessary.
Your dog shouldn't need vocabulary lessons. Pick short clear terms that everyone
can agree to use in training.
Being a kind and benevolent pack leader will help you greatly when training.
Having your temper under control when training a dog is imperative. A happy well-adjusted
dog is easier to train. A scared and confused dog is very difficult to train.
Even if your dog is not obeying your commands, don't yell at or hit your dog.
If your dog misbehaves, give correction, but only if you catch him in the act
of misbehaving. Punishing your dog for chewing up your shoes after he has committed
the act and is now sleeping in the corner will only teach him not to sleep in
As social animals, dogs and especially puppies need attention. Many behavior
problems are due to boredom or excessive energy that a dog or puppy may have.
Discipline will not correct problems that a dog is having due to lack of human
contact. Spending time with your dog will help establish a bond between you and
your dog that will help during the training process. If your dog does not receive
enough attention and/or exercise, it is likely he will develop destructive behaviors
such as barking, chewing or digging. Training can't cure this type of behavior
problem. Dogs are social animals. They need a certain amount of contact and exercise.
If they don't receive it, they will act out as a way of relieving their boredom,
loneliness, and excessive energy.